Why change, how to push?
The Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security recently issued the Implementation Plan for promoting the Training Mode of Integrated Engineering and Technology Talents in Technical Colleges.Why should we promote the integrated training mode of engineering in technical colleges?How to proceed?The head of the Department of Vocational Capacity Development of the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security answered questions from journalists.Q: Why should we carry out the work of engineering integration in technical colleges?Answer: To carry out the work of engineering integration is an important breakthrough to realize the reform of talent training mode in technical colleges and improve the quality of talent training.One is the essential requirement of improving the quality of skilled personnel training.We should focus on the transformation from knowledge inculcation to ability training, from classroom teaching to production teaching, from book teaching to practice teaching.The second is to accelerate the development of high-quality manufacturing industry urgently needed personnel objective requirements.At present, there is a serious shortage of skilled personnel and structural imbalance. It is urgent to speed up the training of high-quality skilled personnel with both solid vocational skills and strong employability.Modern technical education and teaching system should be established to train students’ comprehensive vocational ability and improve their employability and comprehensive vocational quality.Third, the internal requirements of deepening the reform and innovation of technical colleges.It is the only way for technical colleges to cultivate skilled workers and skilled craftsmen by integrating the working process with the learning process.Q: What progress has been made in engineering integration?A: In 2009, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued the work plan for the pilot teaching reform of integrated courses in technical colleges, and carried out the pilot teaching reform of integrated courses in some qualified technical colleges and senior technical schools nationwide. The pilot reform was gradually promoted through three batches of pilot programs, with 31 specialties and 191 colleges.At present, the concept of integrated curriculum reform has been recognized by enterprises, schools and students. The integrated curriculum system and teaching content are more in line with the actual job requirements of enterprises. The teaching method strengthens the student-centered and arouses the enthusiasm of students to learn, and effectively improves the employment rate of graduates and the satisfaction of employers.The explicit mechanic colleges and universities across the country actively promoted the integration of engineering education mode, the “difference” to realize the goal of “millions” at the end of the construction of 100 professional integrated engineering teaching mode, integrated 1000 colleges and universities to participate in the implementation of engineering mechanics teaching mode, teachers training in 10000 engineering integration, further improve the quality of skills training.Q: What are the steps to achieve the goal of “millions and millions”?A: During the “14th Five-year Plan” period, the integrated teaching mode of engineering was gradually promoted in three stages.The first stage is the key promotion stage.Develop and revise the curriculum standards and programs for 30 majors, and implement them in autumn semester of 2022. Meanwhile, deploy local governments and colleges to develop curriculum standards for other majors.Organize the application and determination of 300 construction colleges and universities in the first phase;Revised the standards for teachers integrated with engineering and training, organized the selection of the first batch of training bases for teachers integrated with engineering, and trained 1,500 teachers.Formulate evaluation standards for integrated classes, courses, majors and colleges, and publish them before the end of 2022.The second stage is the continuous promotion stage.Starting from the second half of 2023, the curriculum standards and programs of integrated engineering for 30 new majors in the second phase will be selected and announced.An additional 300 construction colleges and universities;Organizing the selection of the second batch of training bases for teachers integrated with engineering and engineering, training 3,500 teachers;To carry out the selection of high-quality classes, excellent courses, demonstration majors and other activities, and organize relevant exchange activities.The third stage is the overall promotion stage.In 2025, the integrated curriculum standards and programs of 40 new majors in engineering will be selected and announced in the third stage.An additional 400 construction colleges and universities;Organizing the selection of the third batch of training bases for teachers integrated with engineering and engineering, training 5,000 teachers;Carry out the selection of high-quality classes, high-quality courses, demonstration majors, backbone colleges and universities, and organize a wide range of exchange activities.Strive to achieve the goal of “millions and millions” in 2025, and drive the majority of technical colleges to further promote the implementation of integrated training model of engineering.Q: In February 2022, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security established the first steering Committee on Technical Education and Vocational Training, which is the first national expert organization in the history of skilled personnel training.How does the Education Steering Committee help the integration of engineering and industry?A:Teaching refers to the committee will make full use of the professional advantages, to carry out the integration of engineering training mode research, engineering integration curriculum standard and the development of the curriculum scheme, the selection and review work, formulate technology integration classroom, curriculum evaluation standard, professional, and colleges, to participate in the implementation of technology integration in teacher training, research integration curriculum resources development method,It provides technical guidance and consulting services for schools around the country to carry out research on integrated teaching model of engineering.Declaration: The copyright of this article belongs to the original author, if there is a source error or infringement of your legitimate rights and interests, you can contact us through the mailbox, we will promptly deal with.Email address: firstname.lastname@example.org